The Suffrage Stamp for 2020!

The 2020 suffrage centennial celebrates the ratification of the 19th Amendment to the US Constitution, and there are many events and observances scheduled for this year.

Numerous volunteers and women’s rights buffs have been busy behind the scenes for years to bring the thousands of activists out of obscurity. And finally it has happened. The suffrage memorial stamp issued by the US Postal Service is a forever stamp, an important addition to the higher profile of this period of activism. Advocates wrote to the US Postal Service over the past few years to suggest a stamp series. Inez Milholland would have been included—a strong visual image.

The US Postal Service, however, issued a more generic and a single stamp. We tried. Here’s the stamp issued for 2020. Ask at your post office for some for your collection.


Inez Milholland is Still in our Hearts and Minds!

This blog has been highlighting Inez Milholland since 2016 and the 100th anniversary of her death in 1916 when on a mission to build support for votes for women in the US West. Since then, a 15-minute Inez documentary film has been produced by Wild West Women and distributed all over the county. It’s perfect to schedule a showing for 2020, the 100th anniversary of the 19th Amendment to the US Constitution that guaranteed women’s voting rights in the US Constitution.

Don’t be surprised if Inez Milholland shows up in illustrations and women’s rights films and books this year of the national suffrage centennial.books this year of the national centennial. The ad below highlights a collection of primary documents that tell a great deal about Inez, her work and her dedication to the women’s rights cause. 

Mountain Officially Named for Inez Milholland in upstate New York


Mt. Discovery in upstate New York has been informally referred to as Mt. Inez since the 1900s in honor of Inez Milholland, the US suffrage martyr. Now it is official.  The mountain is now Mt. Inez. It is one of the summits in Essex County, NY and can be found on the Lewis USGS topographic quad map. Mt. Inez is within view of the former home of where the Milholland family lived in the Lewis, NY area. In 2019, road markers funded by the Pomeroy Foundation were installed to point to Inez Milholland’s grave and the family’s connection to the area. The U.S. Board on Geographic Names has made the mountain name change official. Mt. Inez is 1552 feet in elevation.

Honor Inez Milholland during March, Women’s History Month. Make sure that Inez is one of the many suffrage activists acknowledged during 2020.

2020 is the Year of Inez Milholland, the US Suffrage Martyr!

NEWS ALERT: The year 2020 is what we have all been waiting for. It’s the 100th anniversary of the 19th Amendment to the US Constitution and celebrations are taking place all over the United States and abroad. In 2019, Mt. Discovery was renamed Mt. Inez in upstate New York. The town of Lewis and its residents observed road markers erected locally, funded by the Pomeroy Foundation, to mark Inez Milholland’s grave and related locations. The Milholland family lived in Lewis, New York. And it has been the site of many observances over the years to commemorate Inez Milholland.

There’s a terrific 15-minute film about Inez, perfect for 2020 observances and for the general public. And the reaming of Mt. Discovery in the Adirondack Mountain region of New York State is a milestone in the work conducted over the past decade to bring the stories about the US suffrage activists to the attention of the public. Keep in touch with the many observances during 2020 to bring the story of the history about the women’s rights movement to the attention of the broader public.

Video that features Inez Milholland


Although not completely historically correct, this video featuring Inez Milholland in the 1913 suffrage parade still has many redeeming qualities. The graphics are terrific and the video highlights the amount of work and the associated momentum involved to bring about votes for women on the national level.

See link.

Let’s make sure Inez Milholland, the US suffrage martyr, gets the recognition she deserves in 2020, the 100th anniversary of the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment.

Inez Milholland chair in Lewis, NY government is filled

After five years of the Inez Milholland chair standing empty in Essex County, upstate New York, it is now filled with a woman elected to office.

Sampling of Inez Milholland papers at Harvard University Library…

HonorINEZHighlights of the finding aid for Inez Milholland’s papers at Harvard University Library.

PLUS MUCH MORE…This is just a representative sampling of the available material.



MORE about Inez Milholland and her life!

cropped-inezslider1.jpgINEZ MILHOLLAND BOISSEVAIN

Between 1910 and 1916, she became a central figure involved in planning, speaking, and raising funds for the drive for Votes for Women in New York State.  She chaired meetings, answered opponents’ arguments, lobbied state legislators, and led suffrage parades up Fifth Avenue.  Robed as the “free woman of the future,” she became nationally known for her role as a mounted herald leading the great March 3, 1913 suffrage procession in Washington, D.C. that involved thousands of supporters and political figures.  Four months later, she married Dutch businessman Eugen Boissevain.

Attracted to law school by a desire to protect women and children, Inez faced rejection by Oxford, Columbia, and Harvard because she was a woman.  New York University finally accepted her.  Even before earning a law degree in 1912, she advised and supported working women and shirtwaist strikers who had no direct political representation or money for lawyers.  She believed that “the way to right the wrongs of civilization and to strike a blow at poverty was by means of concerted and intelligent political action and the making of sound laws.”


One of few women attorneys in New York, Inez specialized in criminal and divorce cases but faced prejudice and other obstacles to securing paying clients.  She vigorously participated in a grand jury investigation into conditions at Sing Sing Prison and once raced to win a last minute reprieve for a laborer sentenced to die.  Having seen the brutal conditions in prison, she spoke out for reform, opposed capital punishment, and assisted individual inmates with filing appeals and finding jobs.

Like her father, John Milholland, the first treasurer of the interracial NAACP, Inez opposed racial discrimination, supported the rights of workers, and advocated a wide range of reforms including international peace.  At the beginning of World War I, she joined Henry Ford’s “Peace Ship,” which unsuccessfully tried to steer the European warring parties into mediation.


Woman suffrage, however, is the cause to which she is most closely linked, and the cause to which she gave her final effort.  Expanding on her years of experience as a leader in New York City, Inez became a “Flying Envoy” for the National Woman’s Party on an October 1916 election year speaking tour of the west.  In city after city in seven western states, she spoke with passion and conviction to women who were new voters: “Now, for the first time in our history, women have the power to enforce their demands and the weapon with which to fight for woman’s liberation.”  Barnstorming for the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, she declared, “Liberty must be fought for.  And, women of the nation, this is the time to fight.”

When her health failed during the strenuous tour, Inez put off medical treatment rather than quit.  In late October, exhausted and overcome by pain, the young suffragist collapsed while demanding liberty on a stage in Los Angeles.  A month later, despite repeated blood transfusions, she died of pernicious anemia, having just turned 30.  Fellow suffragists recognized that her leadership, love of democracy, and devotion to women made her a martyr to the cause.


Inez was buried in Essex County, New York, and on Christmas Day 1916 the Woman’s Party held an unprecedented memorial for her under the rotunda in Statuary Hall in the national Capitol.  She became the first woman to be so honored.  A week later, aroused by her sacrifice, suffragists began to picket the White House demanding that President Woodrow Wilson support for the suffrage amendment.  Throughout the year, their banners carried her final plea: “Mr. President, How Long Must Women Wait for Liberty?”  Inez inspired thousands of suffragists through the final, climactic years of the movement and her memory lived on in the ensuing years.

Inez Milholland Boissevain spent her life seeking justice, equality, and civil rights for American women.  Because of her work, and the persistence of tens of thousands of American suffragists from 1848 to 1920, the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution ensures women’s voting rights now and for future generations.






Inez Milholland biography for her finding aid for personal papers at Harvard University!



Inez Milholland was a lawyer specializing in criminal and divorce practice; she zealously advocated a variety of reform causes, including women’s suffrage, abolition of the death penalty, and the rights of working people. Born in Brooklyn, New York, she graduated from Vassar College in 1909, and received an LL.B. degree from New York University in 1912. In July 1913, she married Eugen Jan Boissevain, a New York importer, of Dutch citizenship. The resulting change in her citizenship status threatened to exclude Milholland from law practice, and she quickly became involved in attempts to repeal the offending legislation.
Proclaiming herself a Socialist, Milholland joined the Women’s Trade Union League, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, and the Fabian Society of England. In 1915, as a war correspondent in Italy, she wrote a series of pacifist articles and as a result was expelled by the Italian government late that summer.
In 1916, Milholland took part in a garment workers’ strike and was instrumental in securing a last-minute reprieve for Charles Stielow, a West Shelby, New York farmer accused of murder and sentenced to be executed in the electric chair.
Concurrently, Milholland was becoming increasingly active in the women’s suffrage movement. She joined the Congressional Union, and, though suffering from pernicious anemia, undertook a speaking tour of the West in support of suffrage. In September she collapsed during a speech in Los Angeles and died ten weeks later, on November 25, 1916. A memorial service was held by her suffrage associates in Statuary Hall, Washington D.C., on Christmas Day, 1916. She was buried at her parents’ estate in Essex County, New York.
Some years after Milholland’s death, Eugen Jan Boissevain married Edna St. Vincent Millay. This collection was subsequently passed on to Edna St. Vincent Millay’s sister, Norma Millay, from whom it was purchased by the Schlesinger Library.

Follow the centennial blog launched during the 100th observance of Inez Milholland’s death in 2016. Follow